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    考研英語句法總結:從簡單句到長難句有哪些?

    來源 : 重慶MBA招生考試網 2018-07-15

    在做英語題目時,我們會遭遇各類句式。想從根本上掌握好句子結構,就先了解各句型~


    簡單句


    簡單句有6個基本句型,它們分別是:


    基本句型一:S+V (主+謂)

    例:My plan has changed.

    基本句型二:S+V+P (主+系+表)

    例:The future is looking good.

    基本句型三:S+V+DO (主+謂+賓)

    例:I expect to return to Guangzhou within a week.

    基本句型四:S+V+IO+DO(主+謂+間賓+直賓)

    例:He bought me a book.

    基本句型五:S+V+DO+OC (主+謂+賓+賓補)

    例:I found the sports magazine very interesting.

    基本句型六:there be 句型

    例:There is a lab building behind the main classroom building.


    并列句


    并列句與復合句以及特殊句式,我們可以統一稱之為——長難句。


    英語的并列句我們通常分了4種類型,分別是:

    類型一:聯合關系

    例:He not only gave us a lot of advice,but also helped us to study English.

    類型二:選擇關系

    例:You must go early, otherwise you will miss the bus.

    類型三:轉折關系

    例:She said she would be late, yet she arrived on time.

    類型四:因果關系

    例:The manager was ill so I went in her place.


    復合句


    復合句的分支比較復雜,總的來說可分為名詞性從句、定語從句狀語從句。而這三個分支下面,又可以進一步細分。


    01

    名詞性從句


    名詞性從句可分為4種類型:

    類型一:賓語從句

    例:Everybody knows that money doesn't grow on trees.

    類型二:表語從句

    例:What the police want to know is when you entered the room. 

    類型三:主語從句

    例:What he says is not important.

    類型四:同位語從句

    例:She told us her hope that she would become a pianist.


    02

    定語從句


    定語從句可分為限定性定語從句和非限定性定語從句。而它們的句子都包括 先行詞 + 引導詞(某些情況可省略) + 陳述句。友課菌這里著重說下引導詞——


    引導詞可分為2種:

    類型一:關系代詞

    who, whom, whose, that, which, as. 

    類型二:關系副詞

    when, where, why.


    03

    狀語從句


    狀語從句可分為9個類型:

    類型一:時間狀語

    例:I was doing some cooking when the doorbell rang.

    類型二:原因狀語

    例:His request is unreasonable in that he knows we can not afford it.

    類型三:結果狀語

    例:He is such a clever boy that we all like him.

    類型四:條件狀語

    例:He will play basketball after school if he finishes his work.

    類型五:讓步狀語

    例:Whether you go or not tomorrow, we will go outing.

    類型六:地點狀語

    例:Make a mark where you have problems.

    類型七:目的狀語

    例:We got up early in order that we could catch the first bus.

    類型八:比較狀語

    例:They did not come to school as early as we.

    類型九:方式狀語

    例:The light were on as though everyone had left in a hurry.


    特殊規則句


    除了上述所說的一般規則句法以外,還有一些遵循特殊規則的句子。友課菌列舉常見的3個類型。


    類型一:倒裝句

    例:Coal is under the ground, and so is oil.

    類型二:強調句

    It is a sad heart that never rejoices.

    類型三:虛擬句

    例:If I were you,I would try my best to grasp the chance.


    以上,只是友課菌整理的句法架構,要掌握它們還需要花費很多時間與精力。任重而道遠,同學們加油??!


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